Jonathan Cooper, a human rights lawyer who is chief executive of the Human Dignity Trust , which campaigns to decriminalise homosexuality in more than 80 countries, said the asylum process was often "incredibly demoralising" and resulted in many people being sent back abroad where they were attacked. Home Office The Home Office is the lead United Kingdom UK government department responsible for policies on immigration, passports, counter-terrorism, policing, drugs and crime. For more information about the UKBA see: The UK Lesbian and Gay Immigration Group UKLGIG , which supports up to 1, applications a year, says altered official guidelines are a significant improvement but that they result in an excessive focus on the sexuality of individual claimants. These documents aim to provide clear guidance for UKBA officials on whether the main types of claim are likely to justify the grant of asylum, humanitarian protection or discretionary leave. It also considers applications for permission to enter or stay in the UK, and for citizenship and asylum. Changes introduced by the UKBA following a landmark supreme court judgment in have shifted the emphasis of official assessments to establishing whether or not claimants are genuinely lesbian or gay, according to immigration experts. It manages border control, enforcing immigration and customs regulations. Country policy bulletins are also occasionally issued on an ad hoc basis and aim to provide clear guidance on how to deal with particular country-specific issues arising in asylum and human rights applications.